The cytotoxicity of paclitaxel, vincristine, and doxorubicin was significantly enhanced in BAX transfectants compared with control clones, whereas the cytotoxicity profile of carboplatin, etoposide, and hydroxyurea was unchanged. The inhibitor benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethyl ketone (zVAD-fmk) successfully blocked this protease activity and prevented FAS-induced death but not BAX-induced death.